Aboriginal Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Aboriginal child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Aboriginal child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Aboriginal child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Quebec's child welfare system

Simpson, Megan
Fast, Elizabeth
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
Alberta's child welfare system

Kyte, Alicia
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime

2014 Information sheet
Ontario’s child welfare system

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Kyte, Alicia
Trocmé, Nico

2014 Information sheet
British Columbia's child welfare system

Kozlowski, Anna
Milne, Lise
Sinha, Vanda

2014 Information sheet
Emotional needs of Aboriginal foster parents

Brown, Jason D.
Ivanova, Viktoria
Mehta, Nisha
Skrodzki, Donna
Rodgers, Julie

2014 Journal article
The Other Side of the Door: A Practice Guide for Child Welfare Professionals working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis Peoples

Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies (OACAS)

2014 Report
A troubled group? Adolescents in a Canadian child welfare sample

Fast, Elizabeth
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Ma, Jennifer

2014
Long-term depression and suicidal ideation outcomes subsequent to emancipation from foster care: Pathways to psychiatric risk in the Métis population

Kaspar, Violet

2014 Journal article
2013/14 Annual Report and 2014/15–2015/16 Service Plan

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2014 Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #20

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

2014 Report