Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Educational Neglect in Ontario

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

2017 Information sheet
Child Protection Investigations Involving Adolescents in Ontario

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

2017 Information sheet
Subtypes of Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence Investigated by Child Welfare Authorities in Ontario in 2013

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

2017 Information sheet
A Further Look at Food Insecurity among Ontario’s Child Welfare Involved Population

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

2017 Information sheet
An Exploration of Investigations with Primary Caregivers with Mental Health Concerns in Ontario in 2013

Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

2017 Information sheet
Sexual Abuse Substantiation by Subtype and Outcomes of Sexual Abuse Investigations by Gender

Fallon, Barbara
Collin-Vézina, Delphine 
King, Bryn
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara

2017 Information sheet
Recurrence Rates by Child Protection Concern

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

2017 Information sheet
Recurrence Rates by Urgent Protection and Chronic Need

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

2017 Information sheet
SPI 10 Discharge Rates by Placement Type

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara 
Ekins, Anna  
O’Connor, Carolyn 
Betito, Paul-André 

2017 Information sheet
15-YEAR-OLD LEVI: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

2017 Report