Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (AIS-2008): Major Findings
MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Sinha, Vandna
Feehan, Richard
Enns, Rick
Gail, Jordan
Kitt, Olivia
Thomas‑Prokop, Shelley
Zelt, Carolyn
Daoust, Gabrielle
Hutcheon, Emily
Budgell, Danielle
2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 1

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 2

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children - Volume 3: Appendices

Hughes, Ted

2013 Report
Substantiating Neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal Children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Primary Category of Substantiated Child Maltreatment in Ontario in 1993, 1998, 2003, and 2008

Van Wert, Melissa
Smith, Carrie
Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
Previous Case Openings in Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario in 2008

Ma, Jennifer
Smith, Carrie
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara

2012 Information sheet
Sexual Abuse Investigations by Level of Substantiation in Canada in 2008

Lefebvre, Rachael
Van Wert, Melissa
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2012 Information sheet
Working with First Nations, Inuit and Métis Families who have Experienced Family Violence: A Practice Guide for Child Welfare Professionals

Steering Committe
Native Child & Family Services: Charlene Avalos
Chiefs of Ontario: Lillian Baibomcowai-Dell
Ottawa Inuit Children Centre: Karen Baker Anderson
Native Women’s Centre of Hamilton: Linda Ense
Métis Nation of Ontario: Shelley Gonneville
Ontario Native Women’s Association: Betty Kennedy
Weechi-it-te-win Family Services: Leona McGinnis
Tikinagan Child & Family Services: Thelma Morris
Ontario Native Women’s Association: Kathy Sky
Ontario Federation of Indian Friendship Centres: Terry Swan

Writer
Catalyst Research and Communications: Joan Riggs

2012
CIS-2008 Major Findings Supplementary Tables: Caregiver Age by Primary Substantiated Maltreatment and Risk

Allan, Kate
Lefebvre, Rachael

2012 Information sheet