Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Is the cluster risk model of parental adversities better than the cumulative risk model as an indicator of childhood physical abuse?: Findings from two representative community surveys

Fuller-Thomson, Esme
Sawyer, J.-L.

2012 Journal article
Failures in Children’s Protection in Newfoundland and Labrador: From the Hughes (1991) to Markesteyn and Day (2006) Inquiries and Beyond

Devine, Mike
Kimberley, Dennis 

2012 Journal article
Supervisory neglect and risk of harm. Evidence from the Canadian child welfare system.
Ruiz-Casares, Mónica
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
2012 Journal article
Maltreatment‐related Intervention Services Received by Albertan Youth: Child and Youth Data Laboratory (CYDL) Report for Experiences of Albertan Youth Project

Child and Youth Data Laboratory

2012 Report
Maltreatment‐related Investigations Among Albertan Youth: Child and Youth Data Laboratory (CYDL) Report for Experiences of Albertan Youth Project

Child and Youth Data Laboratory

2012 Report
Child and Family Services of Western Manitoba Annual Report 2011-2012

Child and Family Services of Western Manitoba

2012 Report
Early childhood development: Adverse experiences and developmental health

Boivin, Michel
Hertzman, Clyde
Barr, Ronald G.
Boyce, W.  Thomas
Fleming, Alison
MacMillan, Harriet
Odgers, Candice
Sokolowski, Marla B.
Trocmé, Nico 

2012 Report
Experiences of Albertan Youth 2008/2009

Child and Youth Data Laboratory

2012 Report
Preliminary evaluation of the Childhood Experiences of Violence Questionnaire Short Form

Tanaka, Masako
Wekerle, Christine
Leung, Eman
Waechter, Randall
Gonzalez, Andrea
Jaimeson, Ellen
MacMillan, Harriet L.

2012 Journal article
Quebec Indicidence Study 2008 (EIQ-2008): Executive Summary

Hélie, Sonia
Turcotte, Daniel
Trocmé, Nico
Tourigny, Marc

2012 Report