Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Pathways to the overrepresentation of Aboriginal children in care

Gough, Pamela
Trocmé, Nico
Brown, Ivan
Knoke, Della
Blackstock, Cindy

2005 Information sheet
Child abuse and neglect investigations in Canada: Comparing 1998 and 2003 data

Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara
Lajoie, Jules

2005 Information sheet
Children’s Exposure to Domestic Violence in Canada

Black, Tara
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Roy, Catherine
Lajoie, Jules

2005 Information sheet
Child Emotional Maltreatment in Canada

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Black, Tara
Roy, Catherine

2005 Information sheet
Child Neglect in Canada

Roy, Catherine
Black, Tara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fallon, Barbara

2005 Information sheet
Physical abuse of children in Canada

MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Chaze, Ferzana
Black, Tara
Lajoie, Jules

2005 Information sheet
Sexual abuse of children in Canada

Fallon, Barbara
Lajoie, Jules
Trocmé, Nico
Chaze, Ferzana
MacLaurin, Bruce
Black, Tara

2005 Information sheet
Detecting psychological maltreatment: Blows to the head and the heart...

Malo, Claire
Gagné, Marie-Hélène
Labrecque, Stéphane

2005 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 2003 (OIS 2003): Major Findings Report

Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
MacLaurin, Bruce
Knoke, Della
Black, Tara
Daciuk, Joanne
Felstiner, Caroline

2005 Report
Disciplining Children in Québec: Parenting norms and practices in 2004

Clément, Marie-Ève
Chamberland, Claire
Aubin, Jacynthe
Dubeau, Denis

2005 Report