Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
The Relationship Between Parental Substance Abuse and Child Maltreatment: Findings from the Ontario Health Supplement

Walsh, Christine A.
MacMillan, Harriet
Jamieson, Ellen

2003 Journal article
Nature and Severity of Physical Harm Caused by Child Abuse and Neglect: Results from the Canadian Incidence Study

Trocmé, Nico
MacMillan, Harriet
Fallon, Barbara
De Marco, Richard

2003 Journal article
Predictors of Maternal Support: The Point of View of Adolescent Victims of Sexual Abuse and Their Mothers

Cyr, Mireille
Wright, John
Toupin, Jean
Oxman-Martinez, Jacqueline
McDuff, Pierre
Thériault, Chantal

2003 Journal article
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Maltreatment rates

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Source of referrals

Trocmé, Nico
Neves, Teresa
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 1993/1998: Outcomes of investigations

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sullivan, Sue

2002 Information sheet
Quebec Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse, Neglect, Abandonment and Serious Behaviour Problems (EIQ)

Mayer, Micheline
Tourigny, Marc
Wright, John

2002 Report
Child Maltreatment Investigations in Canada: Judicial Implications

Trocmé, Nico
Siddiqi, Jasmine

2002 Presentation
Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 1998 (OIS-1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Daciuk, Joanne
Bartholomew, Sharon
Ortiz, Jairo
Thompson, Julie
Helfrich, Warren
Billingsley, Diane

2002 Report
The Changing Face of Child Welfare Investigations in Ontario: Ontario Incidence Studies of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (OIS 1993/1998)

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Copp, Barbara

2002 Report