Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2003 (AIS-2003): Major Findings

MacLaurin, Bruce
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
McCormack, Megan
Pitman, Lisa
Forest, Nathalie
Banks, Jennifer
Shangreaux, Corbin
Perrault, Ellen

2005 Report
Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2003 (CIS-2003): Major Findings

Nico Trocmé
Barbara Fallon
Bruce MacLaurin
Joanne Daciuk
Caroline Felstiner
Tara Black
Lil Tonmyr
Cindy Blackstock
Ken Barter
Daniel Turcotte
Richard Cloutier

2005 Report
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada: 2nd Edition

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy
De La Ronde, Richard

2005 Other
Making Appropriate Parenting Arrangements in Family Violence Cases: Applying the Literature to Identify Promising Practices

Jaffe, Peter G.
Crooks, Claire V.
Bala, Nicholas

2005 Report
False Allegations of Abuse and Neglect when Parents Separate

Trocmé, Nico
Bala, Nicholas

2005 Journal article
Comparing Dissociation and PTSD in Sexually Abused School-Aged Girls

Collin-Vézina, Delphine
Hébert, Martine

2005 Journal article
Victimization during childhood and revictimization in dating relationships in adolescent girls

Marie-Hélène Gagné
Francine Lavoie
Martine Hébert

2005 Journal article
Effectiveness of Home Visitation by Public-Health Nurses in Prevention of the Recurrence of Child Physical Abuse and Neglect: a Randomised Controlled Trial

MacMillan, Harriet
Thomas, B Helen
Jamieson, Ellen
Walsh, Christine A.
Boyle, Michael
Shannon, Harry
Gafni, Amiram

2005 Journal article
Child Maltreatment and HPA Axis Dysregulation: Relationship to Major Depressive Disorder and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Females

Shea, Alison
Walsh, Christine
MacMillan, Harriet
Steiner, Meir

2005 Journal article
Family Violence Research: Lessons Learned and Where From Here?

MacMillan, Harriet
Wathen, C. Nadine

2005 Journal article