Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Potential mediators between child abuse and both violence and victimization in juvenile offenders

Day, David M.
Hart, Trevor A.
Wanklyn, Sonya G.
McCay, Elizabeth
Macpherson, Alison K.
Burnier, Nathalie

2013 Journal article
Risk factors for progression to regular injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting

DeBeck, Kora
Kerr, Thomas
Marshall, Brandon D. L.
Simo, Annick
Montaner, Julio
Wood, Evan

2013 Journal article
The relationship between dimensions of physical abuse and aggressive behavior in a child protective services involved sample of adolescents

Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico
Wekerle, Christine

2013 Journal article
The relationship between internal resilience, smoking, alcohol use, and depression symptoms in emerging adults transitioning out of child welfare

Goldstein, Abby L.
Faulkner, Breanne
Wekerle, Christine

2013 Journal article
Involvement with child protective services: Is this a useful question in population-based surveys?

Hamilton, Hayley A.
Boak, Angela
Mann, Robert E.

2013 Journal article
Substantiating neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
A developmental approach to the risk of a first recurrence in child protective services

Hélie, Sonia
Laurier, Catherine
Pineau-Villeneuve, Catherine
Royer, Marie-Noële

2013 Journal article
Making complex decisions: Child protection workers' practices and interventions with families experiencing intimate partner violence

Hughes, Judy
Chau, Shirley

2013 Journal article
On the nature and scope of reported child maltreatment in high-income countries: opportunities for improving the evidence base

Jud, Andreas
Fluke, John
Alink, Lenneke R. A.
Allan, Kate
Fallon, Barbara
Kindler, Heinz
Lee, Bong Joo
Mansell, James
van Puyenbroek, Hubert

2013 Journal article
Mothers and infants exposed to intimate partner violence compensate

Letourneau, Nicole
Young Morris, Catherine
Secco, Loretta
Stewart, Miriam
Hughes, Jean
Crichley, Kim

2013 Journal article