Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Reporting suspected child maltreatment: Managing the emotional and relational aftermath

Tufford, Lea

2016 Journal article
Examining the impact of policy and legislation on the identification of neglect in Ontario: Trends over time
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Sanders, Jane Elizabeth
Houston, Emmaline A.L.
2016 Journal article
The intersection of child custody disputes and child protection investigtions: secondary data analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008)
Black, Tara
Saini, Michael
Fallon, Barbara
Deljavan, Sevil
Theoduloz, Ricardo
Wall, Michael
2016 Journal article
Evolution over a year of individual protective factors in preschool victims of sexual abuse
Langevin, Rachel
Hébert, Martine
2016 Journal article
The lie is that it’s not going to get better”: Narratives of resilience from childhood exposure to Intimate Partner Violence
Jenney, Angelique
Alaggia, Ramona
Niepage, Mark
2016 Journal article
The protective effect of neighborhood social cohesion in child abuse and neglect

Maguire-Jack, Kathryn
Showalter, Kathryn

2016 Journal article
What's so different about differential response? A multilevel and longitudinal analysis of child neglect investigations

Janczewski, Colleen E.
Mersky, Joshua P. 

2016 Journal article
Duration in poverty-related programs and number of child maltreatment reports: A multilevel negative binomial study

Hyunil, Kim
Drake, Brett

2016 Journal article
Association of child abuse exposure with suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts in military personnel and the general population in Canada

Afifi, Tracie O.
Taillieu, Tamara
Zamorski, Mark A.
Turner, Sarah
Cheung, Kristene
Sareen, Jitender

2016 Journal article
So Much Left To Do: Status Report on the 62 Recommendations from the Phoenix Sinclair Inquiry Office of the Child Advocate 2016 Report