Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2013 Journal article
Identification of sexually abused female adolescents at risk for suicidal ideations: A classification and regression tree analysis

Brabant, Marie-Eve
Hébert, Martine
Chagnon, François

2013 Journal article
Placement of children in out-of-home care in Québec, Canada: When and for whom initial out-of-home placement is most likely to occur

Esposito, Tonino
Trocmé, Nico
Chabot, Martin
Shlonsky, Aron
Collin-Vézina, Delphine 
Sinha, Vandna

2013 Journal article
An examination of delinquency in a national Canadian sample of child maltreatment-related investigations

Van Wert, Melissa
Ma, Jennifer
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

2013 Journal article
Non-English/non-French speaking caregivers involved with the Canadian child welfare system: Findings from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008)

Ma, Jennifer
Van Wert, Melissa
Lee, Barbara
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part B

Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
Tonmyr, Lil
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy

2013 Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part A: Comparisons of the 1998 and 2003 surveys

Fallon, Barbara
Chabot, Martin
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy
MacLaurin, Bruce
Tonmyr, Lil

2013 Journal article
Child maltreatment-related investigations involving infants: Opportunities for resilience?

Fallon, Barbara
Ma, Jennifer
Allan, Kate
Trocmé, Nico
Jud, Andreas

2013 Journal article
Potential mediators between child abuse and both violence and victimization in juvenile offenders

Day, David M.
Hart, Trevor A.
Wanklyn, Sonya G.
McCay, Elizabeth
Macpherson, Alison K.
Burnier, Nathalie

2013 Journal article
Risk factors for progression to regular injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting

DeBeck, Kora
Kerr, Thomas
Marshall, Brandon D. L.
Simo, Annick
Montaner, Julio
Wood, Evan

2013 Journal article