Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Augmentation récente de l’incidence des agressions sexuelles au Québec

Collin-Vézina, Delphine
Hélie, Sonia
Roy, Catherine

2010 Other
L’évolution de la sévérité de la maltraitance au Québec

Hélie, Sonia
Roy, Catherine

2010 Other
Developmental and Cultural Assets and Resilient Outcomes in First Nations Young People in Care: An Initial Test of an Explanatory Model

Filbert, Katharine
Flynn, Robert J.

2010 Journal article
Prince Edward Island Department of Social Services and Seniors Child and Family Services Division: Residential Services Review

Haire, Basil

2009 Report
Examining How the Mental Health Needs of Children Who Have Experienced Maltreatment are Addressed within Ontario Children’s Aid Societies

Czincz, Jennifer
Romano, Elisa

2009 Journal article
Exploring taboos: Comparing male- and female-perpetrated child sexual abuse

Peter, Tracey

2009 Journal article
Differentiating between substantiated, suspected, and unsubstantiated maltreatment in Canada

Trocmé, Nico
Knoke, Della
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

2009 Journal article
Protection of Children from Physical Maltreatment in Canada: Evaluation of the Supreme Court’s Definition of Reasonable Force

Durrant, Joan E.
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Milne, Cheryl
Black, Tara

2009 Journal article
Men's and women's childhood sexual abuse and victimization in adult partner relationships: A study of risk factors

Daigneault, Isabelle
Hébert, Martine
McDuff, Pierre

2009 Journal article
Childhood trauma and injection drug use among high-risk youth

Kerr, Thomas
Stoltz, Jo-Anne
Marshall, Brandon
Lai, Calvin
Strathdee, Steffanie A.
Wood, Evan

2009 Journal article