Child Abuse & Neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year Type of Publication
Non-English/non-French speaking caregivers involved with the Canadian child welfare system: Findings from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS-2008)

Ma, Jennifer
Van Wert, Melissa
Lee, Barbara
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article
Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part B

Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
Tonmyr, Lil
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy

2013 Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect part A: Comparisons of the 1998 and 2003 surveys

Fallon, Barbara
Chabot, Martin
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy
MacLaurin, Bruce
Tonmyr, Lil

2013 Journal article
Child maltreatment-related investigations involving infants: Opportunities for resilience?

Fallon, Barbara
Ma, Jennifer
Allan, Kate
Trocmé, Nico
Jud, Andreas

2013 Journal article
Potential mediators between child abuse and both violence and victimization in juvenile offenders

Day, David M.
Hart, Trevor A.
Wanklyn, Sonya G.
McCay, Elizabeth
Macpherson, Alison K.
Burnier, Nathalie

2013 Journal article
Risk factors for progression to regular injection drug use among street-involved youth in a Canadian setting

DeBeck, Kora
Kerr, Thomas
Marshall, Brandon D. L.
Simo, Annick
Montaner, Julio
Wood, Evan

2013 Journal article
The relationship between dimensions of physical abuse and aggressive behavior in a child protective services involved sample of adolescents

Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico
Wekerle, Christine

2013 Journal article
The relationship between internal resilience, smoking, alcohol use, and depression symptoms in emerging adults transitioning out of child welfare

Goldstein, Abby L.
Faulkner, Breanne
Wekerle, Christine

2013 Journal article
Involvement with child protective services: Is this a useful question in population-based surveys?

Hamilton, Hayley A.
Boak, Angela
Mann, Robert E.

2013 Journal article
Substantiating neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

2013 Journal article