Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year of Publication
Report
Hand-in-Hand: A Review of First Nations Child Welfare in New Brunswick

Richard, Bernard

Journal article
Historical Trauma, Race-based Trauma and Resilience of Indigenous Peoples: A literature review

Fast, Elizabeth
Collin-Vézina, Delphine

Report
I Want to Grow up in my Community: A Review of the Child and Family Service Act

Blackstock, Cindy

Journal article
La composante Premières Nations de l’Étude Canadienne sur l'incidence des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants : Une approche axée sur le renforcement des capacités dans le cadre d’une recherche nationale appliquée [...]

Sinha, Vandna
Fast, Elizabeth
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
 

Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal groups: An application of the decision making ecology through multi-level analysis

Fluke, John
Chabot, Martin
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Blackstock, Cindy

Journal article
Placement decisions and disparities among aboriginal groups: An application of the decision making ecology through multi-level analysis
Report
Unique Considerations for Aboriginal Children and Youth

The Commission to Promote Sustainable Child Welfare

Report
Review of the Child and Family Services Act: Recommendations of the Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies

Ontario Association of Children's Aid Societies

Report
Saskatchewan Child Welfare Review Panel Report: For The Good of Our Children and Youth

Saskatchewan Child Welfare Review Panel Report

Report
Summary Review of Aboriginal Over-representation in the Child Welfare System

Galley, Valerie J.