child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
Primary Caregiver Risk Factors in Investigations Involving First Nations and Non-Indigenous Children in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie

Information Sheet
Household Risk Factors in Investigations Involving First Nations Children Living On Reserve and Off Reserve and Non-Indigenous Children in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie

Information Sheet
Disparities in Investigation Characteristics by Age in Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations and Non-Indigenous Children in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie

Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations Infants in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie 

Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations Children Aged 12-15 Years Old in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie 

Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations Children Aged 8-11 Years Old in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie 

Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations Children Aged One to Three Years Old in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie 

Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations Children Aged Four to Seven Years Old in Canada in 2019

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Fallon, Barbara
Saint-Girons, Marie 

Report
Denouncing the Continued Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canadian Child Welfare: Findings from the First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2019

Fallon, Barbara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Trocmé, Nico
Richard, Kenn
Hélie, Sonia
Montgomery, Monty
Bennett, Marlyn
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Saint-Girons, Marie
Filippelli, Joanne
MacLaurin, Bruce
Black, Tara
Esposito, Tonino
King, Bryn
Collin-Vézina, Delphine*
Dallaire, Rachelle
Gray, Richard
Levi, Judy
Orr, Martin
Petti, Tara
Thomas Prokop, Shelley
Soop, Shannon

*Subsequent authors are listed alphabetically

Information Sheet
Characteristics of Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving Older Adolescents Aged 16 to 17 in Ontario in 2018

Alman, Isayah
Lyons, Olive
& King, Bryn