Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exists Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: I am a witness.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
Caregiver characteristics in on reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019

Fallon, Barbara 
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Saint-Girons, Marie 
Livingston, Eliza

Information Sheet
Quebec's child welfare system

Tremblett, Sarah

Trocmé, Nico

Delaye, Ashleigh

Information Sheet
Alberta's child welfare system

Tremblett, Sarah

Trocmé, Nico

Delaye, Ashleigh

Report
Denouncing the Continued Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canadian Child Welfare: Findings from the First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2019

Fallon, Barbara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Trocmé, Nico
Richard, Kenn
Hélie, Sonia
Montgomery, Monty
Bennett, Marlyn
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Saint-Girons, Marie
Filippelli, Joanne
MacLaurin, Bruce
Black, Tara
Esposito, Tonino
King, Bryn
Collin-Vézina, Delphine*
Dallaire, Rachelle
Gray, Richard
Levi, Judy
Orr, Martin
Petti, Tara
Thomas Prokop, Shelley
Soop, Shannon

*Subsequent authors are listed alphabetically

Information Sheet
Newfoundland & Labrador's Child Welfare System Information Sheet

Tremblett, Sarah
Trocmé, Nico
Delaye, Ashleigh

 

Information Sheet
Nova Scotia Child Welfare Services Information Sheet

Tremblett, Sarah
Trocmé, Nico
Delaye, Ashleigh

Report
An Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families Technical Information Package

Indigenous Services Canada
Government of Canada
 

Information Sheet
British Columbia Child Welfare Services Information Sheet

Sarah Tremblett
Nico Trocmé
Ashleigh Delaye

Report
Mashkiwenmi-daa Noojimowin: Let’s have strong minds for the healing: First Nations Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2018

Crowe, Amber
Schiffer, Jeffrey
Fallon, Barbara
Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Filippelli, Joanne
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Trocmé, Nico

Report
Indigenous Cultural Understanding Framework (ICUF)

Children's Services