Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exists Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: I am a witness.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Report
Review of Child Welfare Legislation in Manitoba: Discussion Guide

Government of Manitoba

Report
Room for Improvement: Toward Better Education Outcomes for Children in Care

Representative for Children and Youth

Journal article
Violence and resilience: a scoping review of treatment of mental health problems for Indigenous Youth
Toombs, Elaine
Houlding, Carolyn
Braunberger, Peter
Sawula, Erica
Wekerle, Christine
Mushquash, Chris
Drawson, Alexandra
Report
Voices for Reform: Options for Change to Saskatchewan First Nations Child Welfare

Voices for Reform: Options for Change to Saskatchewan First Nations Child Welfare

Report
2015 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

Journal article
A culturally relevant measure of client satisfaction in child welfare services
Mundy, Crystal
Neufeld, Amanda N. 
Wells, Susan J
Report
A Tragedy in Waiting: How B.C.’s Mental Health System Failed One First Nations Youth

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
B.C. Adoption Update: December 2015

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Journal article
Child maltreatment and intimate partner violence among Indigenous and non-Indigenous Canadians
Brownridge, Douglas A. 
Taillieu, Tamara
Afifi, Tracie
Chan, Ko Ling
Emery, Clifton
Lavoie, Josee
Elgar, Frank
Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Service Decisions by Ethno-Racial Categories in Ontario in 2013

Fallon, Barbara
Black, Tara
Van Wert, Melissa
King, Bryn
Filippelli, Joanne
Lee, Barbara
Moody, Brenda