Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year of Publication
Report
The Silent World of Jordan: Special Investigation Report

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

Report
Too Many Victims Sexualized Violence in the Lives of Children and Youth in Care: An Aggregate Review

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Voices for Change: Aboriginal Child Welfare in Alberta

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Report
2014 Annual Report - Saskatchewan Children's Advocate Office

Saskatchewan Advocate for Children and Youth

Report
A Report and Next Steps for Action from A Forum for Change: Reconciliation for Today’s First Nations, Métis & Aboriginal Children Through Custom Adoption and Lifelong Family and Tribal Connections

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Aboriginal Cultural Connections: A Child Protection Resource Guide

Child Protection Services, Department of Community Services and Seniors

Report
B.C. Adoption Update: April 2015

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #23

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #25

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Journal article
Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding Aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect Part C

Fallon, Barbara
Chabot, Martin
Fluke, John
Blackstock, Cindy
Sinha, Vandna
Allan, Kate
MacLaurin, Bruce