Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exists Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: I am a witness.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Report
Mashkiwenmi-daa Noojimowin: Let’s have strong minds for the healing: First Nations Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2018

Crowe, Amber
Schiffer, Jeffrey
Fallon, Barbara
Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Filippelli, Joanne
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Trocmé, Nico

Report
Indigenous Cultural Understanding Framework (ICUF)

Children's Services 

Report
Annual Report 2018/19 and Service Plan 2019/20 to 2021/22

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Information Sheet
Characteristics of Investigations Involving First Nations Children Compared to White Children in Ontario in 2013

Richard, Kenn
Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara

Report
15-Year-Old Levi: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Report
18-Year-Old Peter: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Report
B.C. Adoption and Permanency Options Update

Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Beyond Trauma: Disrupting Cycles, Effecting Change: 13-Year-Old Tina, 16-Year-Old Shirley, 19-Year-Old Jazmine: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Report
Delegated Aboriginal Agencies: How Resourcing Affects Service Delivery

Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Honouring Jordan's Principle: Obstacles to accessing equitable health and social services for First Nations children with special healthcare needs living in Pinaymootang, Manitoba

Vives, Luna
Sinha, Vandna
Burnet, Eric
Lach, Lucyna