child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Report
Quebec Incidence Study 2014 (ÉIQ-2014): Appendices

Hélie, Sonia
Collin-Vézina, Delphine
Turcotte, Daniel
Trocmé, Nico
Girouard, Nadine

Report
15-Year-Old Levi: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Report
18-Year-Old Peter: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Journal article
A cross-national exploration of societal-level factors associated with child physical abuse and neglect

Klevens, Joanne
Ports, Katie A.
Austin, Chelsea
Ludlow, Ivan J.
Hurd, Jacqueline

Information Sheet
A Further Look at Food Insecurity among Ontario’s Child Welfare Involved Population

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Journal article
A longitudinal study of emotion regulation among sexually abused preschoolers
Sèguin-Lemire, Ariane
Hèbert, Martine
Cossette, Louise
Langevin, Rachel
Information Sheet
Academic Difficulties among Ontario’s Child Welfare Involved Population

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Information Sheet
An Exploration of Investigations with Primary Caregivers with Mental Health Concerns in Ontario in 2013

Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

Information Sheet
Child Protection Investigations Involving Adolescents in Ontario

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Journal article
Child welfare responses linked to subtypes of exposure to intimate partner violence: Evidence from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect
Gonzalez, Andrea
MacMillan, Harriet
Tanaka, Masako
Jack, Susan M. 
Tonmyr, Lil