Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year of Publication
Children under 15, registered Indian status and total population, for Canada, the provinces and territories, 2006

First Nations Child & Family Caring Society of Canada

Inuit Child Welfare and Family Support - Inuit-Related Documents

National Aboriginal Health Organization

Report
Inuit Child Welfare and Family Support: Policies, Programs and Strategies

Rae, Lisa

Report
Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

Other
Overview Presentation. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

Book
Research-Community Partnerships in Child Welfare

Léveillé, Sophie
Trocmé, Nico
Brown, Ivan
Chamberland, Claire

Journal article
Strengths of Aboriginal Foster Parents

Ivanova, Victoria
Brown, Jason

Journal article
The Canadian Human Rights Tribunal on First Nations child welfare: Why if Canada wins, equality and justice lose

Blackstock, Cindy

Report
Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008 (CIS-2008): Major Findings

Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Sinha, Vandna
Black, Tara
Fast, Elizabeth
Felstiner, Caroline
Hélie, Sonia
Turcotte, Daniel
Weightman, Pamela
Douglas, Janet
Holroyd, Jill

Journal article
Developmental and Cultural Assets and Resilient Outcomes in First Nations Young People in Care: An Initial Test of an Explanatory Model

Filbert, Katharine
Flynn, Robert J.