Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve:

Title Authors Year of Publication
Management of Aboriginal Child Protection Services

Doyle, John

Information Sheet
Prince Edward Island’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

Recognition and Reconciliation Protocol on First Nations Children, Youth and Families

BC Ministry of Children and Family Development
First Nations Summit
Union of BC Indian Chiefs
BC Assembly of Fist Nations

Information Sheet
The Yukon’s child welfare system
Book chapter
A Sacred Family Circle: A Family Group Conferencing Model

Desmeules, Gayle

Book chapter
Aboriginal Children: Maintaining Connections in Adoption

Carriere, Jeannine
Scarth, Sandra

All my relations ~ Native transracial adoption: A critical case study of cultural identity

Sinclair, Raven

Information Sheet
An example of Appreciative Inquiry as a methodology for child welfare research in Saskatchewan Aboriginal communities

Thomas Prokop, Shelley
McKay, Sharon
Gough, Pamela

Information Sheet
British Columbia's child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

Book chapter
Children with Disabilities Involved with the Child Welfare System in Manitoba: Current and Future Challenges

Fuchs, Don
Burnside, Linda
Marchenski, Shelagh
Mudry, Andria