Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve:

Title Authors Year of Publication
Health and well-being of children in care in British Columbia: Report 1 on health services utilization and mortality

Child and Youth Officer for British Columbia

Leadership Development Forums in Aboriginal Child Welfare: Making our Hearts Sing in Alberta

Lafrance, Jean
Bastien, Betty
Bodor, Ralph
Ayala, Jessica

Information Sheet
Manitoba’s Child Welfare System

Gough, Pamela

Information Sheet
Nova Scotia’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

Journal article
Nurturing hidden resilience in at-risk youth across cultures

Ungar, Michael

Prairie Forum Policy Summary
Information Sheet
Quebec’s Child Welfare System

Lajoie, Jules

Reconciliation in Child Welfare: Touchstones of Hope for Indigenous Children, Youth, and Families

Blackstock, Cindy
Cross, Terry
George, John
Brown, Ivan
Formsma, Jocelyn

Strengthening our Youth: A Report on Youth Leaving Manitoba’s Child Welfare System

McEwan-Morris, Alice

A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada: 2nd Edition

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy
De La Ronde, Richard