Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Sort descending Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
The structure of Aboriginal child welfare in Canada

Sinha, Vandna
Kozlowski, Anna

Information Sheet
The Yukon’s child welfare system
Report
Too Many Victims Sexualized Violence in the Lives of Children and Youth in Care: An Aggregate Review

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Information Sheet
Type of investigation, substantiation and primary category of substantiated maltreatment for First Nations children across Canada

Quinn, Ashley
Nutton, Jennifer
Blumenthal, Anne
Trocmé, Nico

Journal article
Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

Journal article
Using Popular Theatre for Engaging Racialized Minority Girls in Exploring Questions of Identity and Belonging

Lee, Jo-Anne
De Finney, Sandrina

Journal article
Violence and resilience: a scoping review of treatment of mental health problems for Indigenous Youth
Toombs, Elaine
Houlding, Carolyn
Braunberger, Peter
Sawula, Erica
Wekerle, Christine
Mushquash, Chris
Drawson, Alexandra
Report
Voices for Change: Aboriginal Child Welfare in Alberta

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

Report
Voices for Reform: Options for Change to Saskatchewan First Nations Child Welfare

Voices for Reform: Options for Change to Saskatchewan First Nations Child Welfare

Book chapter
Voices of Passion, Voices of Hope

McKay, Sharon