Ontario - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008*, 2013** and 2018***

  2008 2013 2018
Child population (0-15) 2,382,035 2,349,600 2,361,870
Number of child maltreatment investigations 128,748 125,281 148,536
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1,000 children 54.05 53.32 62.89

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Ontario, 2018***

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 94,476 40.00 64%
Risk Investigation 54,060 22.89 36%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2018***

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 7,081 3.00 19%
Sexual Abuse 1,019 0.43 3%
Neglect 8,082 3.42 21%
Emotional Maltreatment 4,689 1.99 12%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 17,051 7.22 45%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Ontario, 2008*, 2013** and 2018***

  2008 # 2008 Rate 2013 # 2013 Rate 2018 # 2018 Rate
No Placement 121,436 50.98 121,020 51.51 144,351 61.12
Informal Kinship Care 3,616 1.52 1,874 0.80 2,488 1.05
Formal Placement 3,696 1.55 2,387 1.02 1,697 0.71

* Fallon, B., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Black, T., Felstiner, … Johnston, A. (2010). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (OIS‑2008). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal.

** Fallon, B., Van Wert, M., Trocmé, N., MacLaurin, B., Sinha, V., Lefebvre, R., … Goel, S. (2015). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS‑2013). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal.

***Fallon, B., Filippelli, J. Lefebvre, R., Joh-Carnella, N., Trocmé, N., Black, T., .... Stoddart, J.(2020). Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2018 (OIS‑2018). Toronto, ON: Child Welfare Research Portal

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.