child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
Child Protection Investigations Involving Adolescents in Ontario

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Journal article
Child welfare responses linked to subtypes of exposure to intimate partner violence: Evidence from the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect
Gonzalez, Andrea
MacMillan, Harriet
Tanaka, Masako
Jack, Susan M. 
Tonmyr, Lil
Journal article
Childhood adversity and the risk of substance use and delinquency: The role of protective adult relationships

Brown, Samantha M.
Shillington, Audrey M.

Journal article
Childhood sexual abuse and substance abuse: A gender paradox?
Tonmyr, Lil
Shields, Margot
Journal article
Childhood sexual abuse, sexual motives, and adolescent sexual risk-taking among males and females receiving child welfare services
Wekerle, Christine
Goldstein, Abby L.
Tanaka, Masako
Tonmyr, Lil
Journal article
Clinical differences and outcomes of sexual abuse investigations by gender: Implications for policy and practice

Fallon, Barbara
Collin-Vézina, Delphine
King, Bryn
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette

Journal article
Correlates of admitted sexual interest in children among individuals convicted of child pornography offenses
Seto, Michael C.
Eke, Angela W.
Journal article
Defining ‘reasonable force’: Does it advance child protection?

Durrant, Joan E.
Fallon, Barbara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Allan, Kate

Information Sheet
Educational Neglect in Ontario

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Journal article
Examining the relationship between economic hardship and child maltreatment using data from the Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2013 (OIS-2013)

Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa
Filippelli, Joanne