Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve:

Title Sort descending Authors Year of Publication
Profile of Children and Youth in the Downtown Eastside Report

British Columbia Ministry of Children and Family Development

Journal article
Psychometrics In Parenting Capacity Assessments – A Problem For First Nations Parents

Choate, Peter W.
McKenzie, Amber

Putting a Human Face on Child Welfare: Voices from the Prairie
Information Sheet
Quebec's child welfare system

Simpson, Megan
Fast, Elizabeth
Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico

Information Sheet
Quebec’s Child Welfare System

Lajoie, Jules

Recognition and Reconciliation Protocol on First Nations Children, Youth and Families

BC Ministry of Children and Family Development
First Nations Summit
Union of BC Indian Chiefs
BC Assembly of Fist Nations

Recognition and Reconciliation Protocol on First Nations Children, Youth and Families

Province of British Columbia, the First Nations Summit, Union of BC Indian Chiefs, the BC Assembly of First Nations

Reconciliation in Child Welfare: Touchstones of Hope for Indigenous Children, Youth, and Families

Blackstock, Cindy
Cross, Terry
George, John
Brown, Ivan
Formsma, Jocelyn

Book chapter
Reconciliation: Rebuilding the Canadian Child Welfare System to Better Serve Aboriginal Children and Youth

Blackstock, Cindy
Brown, Ivan
Bennett, Marlyn

Journal article
Reflections of a Mi’kmaq social worker on a quarter of a century work in First Nations child welfare

MacDonald, Nancy
MacDonald, Judy