Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve:

Title Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Support needs of Aboriginal foster parents

Ivanova, Viktoria
Brown, Jason

Child and Family Services Statistics December 2009

Saskatchewan Ministry of Social Services

Child and Family Services Statistics June 2009

Saskatchewan Ministry of Social Services

Book chapter
Complex Poverty and Home-grown Solutions in Two Prairie Cities

Silver, Jim

Journal article
Confidence to foster across cultures: Caregiver perspectives

Brown, Jason D.
Sintzel, Jennifer
St. Arnault, David
George, Natalie

Journal article
Factors associated with the sexual behavior of Canadian Aboriginal young people and their implications for health promotion

Devries, Karen M.
Free, Caroline J.
Morison, Linda
Saewyc, Elizabeth

Book chapter
From Longing to Belonging: Attachment Theory, Connectedness, and Indigenous Children in Canada

Carriere, Jeannine
Richardson, Cathy

Book chapter
Jumping through Hoops: A Manitoba Study Examining Experiences and Reflections of Aboriginal Mothers Involved with Child Welfare in Manitoba

Bennett, Marlyn

Kids, Crime and Care – Health and Well-Being of Children in Care: Youth Justice Experiences and Outcomes

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Journal article
News Reporting on Aboriginal Child Welfare: Discourses of White Guilt, Reverse Racism, and Failed Policy

Harding, Robert