child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
Hospital Referrals for Child Maltreatment-Related Concerns to the Ontario Child Welfare System in 2018

Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Vandermorris, Ashley
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara

Information Sheet
Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving Infants in Ontario in 2018

Filippelli, Joanne
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Allan, Kate
Fallon, Barbara

Report
Ontario Incidence Study Of Reported Child Abuse And Neglect - 2018 (OIS-2018)

Fallon, Barbara
Filippelli, Joanne
Lefebvre, Rachael
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Trocmé, Nico
Black, Tara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Hélie, Sonia
Morin, Yves
Fluke, John
King, Bryn
Esposito, Tonino
Collin-Vézina, Delphine
Allan, Kate
Houston, Emmaline
Harlick, Maria
Bonnie, Nicole
Budau, Krista
Goodman, Deborah
Kartusch, Mark
Malti, Tina
Moody, Brenda
Rasteniene, Jolanta
Parada, Henry
Richard, Kenn
Schumaker, Kate
Stevens, Theresa
Stoddart, Jill

Report
Caught in the Middle

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Journal article
An examination of trends in child sexual abuse investigations in Ontario over time

Fallon, Barbara
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Trocmé, Nico
Chabot, Martin
Esposito, Tonino
Nosrati-Inanlou, Mahsima
Collin-Vézina, Delphine

Report
Seen But Not Heard

The Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Newfoundland and Labrador

Journal article
Substantiated child maltreatment: Which factors do workers focus on when making this critical decision?

Stoddart, Jill K.
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Fluke, John

Journal article
Temporary placements: A crisis-management strategy for physically abused children?

Hébert, Sophie T.
Hélie, Sonia
Esposito, Tonino

Report
In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story

Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth

Information Sheet
Characteristics of Investigations Involving First Nations Children Compared to White Children in Ontario in 2013

Richard, Kenn
Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara