First Nations Incidence Study

The First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FN/CIS-2019) entitled "Denouncing The Continued Overrepresentation Of First Nations Children In Canadian Child Welfare: Findings From The First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study Of Reported Child Abuse And Neglect-2019" is a study of child welfare investigations involving First Nations and non-Indigenous children. It is the fourth national study to provide up-to-date estimates of child welfare investigations across Canada.

The First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS) is a study of child welfare investigations involving First Nations children which is embedded within a larger, cyclical national study of the reported incidence of child maltreatment: the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS). The FNCIS is a collaborative effort, by CIS research team members and First Nations child welfare organizations to support participation of First Nations and urban Indigenous agencies in the CIS, analyze CIS data on investigations involving First Nations children, ensure appropriate contextualization of research findings, disseminate research results, and increase the capacity for First Nations child welfare research. The collaboration between research team members and First Nations child welfare organizations are guided by the OCAP principles (Ownership, Control, Access, Possession) for research in Indigenous contexts.

The study is directed by the Assembly of First Nations with core funding from the Public Health Agency of Canada. Additional funding was provided by provincial governments in Ontario (OIS-2018) and Quebec (FN/EIQ-2019).

    Reports
    Title Authors Year of Publication
    Denouncing the Continued Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canadian Child Welfare: Findings from the First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2019

    Fallon, Barbara
    Lefebvre, Rachael
    Trocmé, Nico
    Richard, Kenn
    Hélie, Sonia
    Montgomery, Monty
    Bennett, Marlyn
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie
    Filippelli, Joanne
    MacLaurin, Bruce
    Black, Tara
    Esposito, Tonino
    King, Bryn
    Collin-Vézina, Delphine*
    Dallaire, Rachelle
    Gray, Richard
    Levi, Judy
    Orr, Martin
    Petti, Tara
    Thomas Prokop, Shelley
    Soop, Shannon

    *Subsequent authors are listed alphabetically

    Substantiating Neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal Children

    Sinha, Vandna
    Ellenbogen, Stephen
    Trocmé, Nico

    The structure of Aboriginal child welfare in Canada

    Sinha, Vandna
    Kozlowski, Anna

    Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

    Sinha, Vandna
    Trocmé, Nico
    Fallon, Barbara
    MacLaurin, Bruce

    Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

    Sinha, Vandna
    Trocmé, Nico
    Fallon, Barbara
    MacLaurin, Bruce
    Fast, Elizabeth
    Prokop, Shelley Thomas
    et al.

    La composante Premières Nations de l’Étude Canadienne sur l'incidence des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants : Une approche axée sur le renforcement des capacités dans le cadre d’une recherche nationale appliquée [...]

    Sinha, Vandna
    Fast, Elizabeth
    Trocmé, Nico
    Fallon, Barbara
    MacLaurin, Bruce
     

    Mesnmimk Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System: An Analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS-2003)

    Nico Trocmé
    Bruce MacLaurin
    Barbara Fallon
    Della Knoke
    Lisa Pitman
    Megan McCormack

    Mesnmimk Wasatek: Catching a Drop of Light. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in Canada’s Child Welfare System: An Analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS-2003)

    Nico Trocmé
    Bruce MacLaurin
    Barbara Fallon
    Della Knoke
    Lisa Pitman
    Megan McCormack

    Researchers
    Researcher Organization Province / Territory
    Bennett, Marlyn University of Manitoba Manitoba
    Blackstock, Cindy First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada Ontario
    Fallon, Barbara University of Toronto Ontario
    MacLaurin, Bruce University of Calgary Alberta
    Montgomery, Monty H. University of Regina Saskatchewan
    Sinha, Vandna McGill Unversity Quebec
    Trocmé, Nico McGill University Quebec
    Information Sheets
    Title Authors Year of Publication
    Investigation and placement types in off reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019

    Fallon, Barbara 
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie 
    Livingston, Eliza

    Investigation and placement types in on reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019.

    Fallon, Barbara 
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie 
    Livingston, Eliza

    Child characteristics in off reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019

    Fallon, Barbara 
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie 
    Livingston, Eliza

    Child characteristics in on reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019

    Fallon, Barbara 
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie 
    Livingston, Eliza

    Caregiver characteristics in off reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019

    Fallon, Barbara 
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie 
    Livingston, Eliza

    Caregiver characteristics in on reserve investigations involving First Nations children aged 0-17 in Canada in 2019

    Fallon, Barbara 
    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Saint-Girons, Marie 
    Livingston, Eliza

    Primary Caregiver Risk Factors in Investigations Involving First Nations and Non-Indigenous Children in Canada in 2019

    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Fallon, Barbara
    Saint-Girons, Marie

    Household Risk Factors in Investigations Involving First Nations Children Living On Reserve and Off Reserve and Non-Indigenous Children in Canada in 2019

    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Fallon, Barbara
    Saint-Girons, Marie

    Disparities in Investigation Characteristics by Age in Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations and Non-Indigenous Children in Canada in 2019

    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Fallon, Barbara
    Saint-Girons, Marie

    Child Maltreatment-Related Investigations Involving First Nations Infants in Canada in 2019

    Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
    Fallon, Barbara
    Saint-Girons, Marie 

    Advisory Committee

    FNCIS-2008 Advisory Committee

    The national advisory committee for the FNCIS-2008, first developed in 2006, is in the process of transitioning into a national First Nations Child Welfare Research Committee (FNCWRC).  This working group will bring together First Nations/Aboriginal child welfare practitioners, policy specialists and academics from across Canadian jurisdictions, to coordinate, facilitate sharing of, and to support First Nations child welfare research.  It is currently the only forum that brings Aboriginal child welfare experts from across the country together for this purpose.  The committee seeks to build on the knowledge and capacity build through collaboration on FNCIS-2008 in order to:

    • Oversee the development and implementation of a national “First Nations Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2018 (FNIS-2018)”, which builds on the findings and experience of the FNCIS-2008 and honours the principles of Aboriginal Ownership of, Control over, Access to and Possession of research (OCAP principles) to the maximum extent possible. 
    • Facilitate national level sharing of information about policy and research relevant to First Nations child welfare.
    • Support the development of new research on First Nations child welfare.

    The following is a list of current committee members:

    Nancy MacDonald
    School of Social Work
    Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia

    Judy Levi
     
    Richard Gray
     
    Stephanie O’Brien
     
    Cindy Blackstock
     
    Kenn Richard
     
    Tara Petti
     
    Marlyn Bennett
    University of Manitoba
     
    H. Monty Montgomery
    University of Regina (Saskatoon), Saskatchewan
     
    Shelley Thomas Prokop
     
    Randy McHugh
     
    Rachelle Dallaire & Linda Lucas
     
    Nico Trocmè & Vandna Sinha
    McGill University, Quebec
     
    Barbara Fallon
    University of Toronto, Ontario
     
    Bruce MacLaurin
    University of Calgary, Alberta