Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year of Publication
Report
Aboriginal Peoples Survey 2001 - non-reserve Aboriginal Population initial findings: Well-being of the non-reserve Aboriginal Population

O'Donnell, Vivian
Tait, Heather

Report
Children in Care in Canada: A summary of current issues and trends with recommendations for future research

Farris-Manning, Cheryl
Zandstra, Marietta

Journal article
Extending Aboriginal control over child welfare services: The Manitoba Child Welfare Initiative

Hudson, Pete
McKenzie, Brad

Report
The Baby Andy Report: Examination of services provided to Baby Andy and his family

Montreal Lake Child & Family Agency inc.
Saskatchewan Community Resources and Employment

Other
A Literature Review and Annotated Bibliography Focusing on Aspects of Aboriginal Child Welfare in Canada

Bennett, Marlyn
Blackstock, Cindy

Other
Perspective on the Fragmentation of Services to Aboriginal Youth

Leslie, Bruce
Storey, Fred

Presentation
Young Mothers In/From Care Project

Rutman, Deborah
Strega, Susan
Callahan, Marilyn
Dominelli, Lena

Report
It Takes a Community: A Report on Child Welfare Services in the Northwest Territories

Hansen, Gaye
Shangreaux, Corbin
Balla, Mike

Report
Matrice des indicateurs d’impacts en protection de l’enfance (2000)

Trocmé, Nico
Nutter, Butch
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fallon, Barbara

Presentation
First Canadian Roundtable on Child Welfare Outcomes: Roundtable proceedings

Thompson, Julie
Fallon, Barbara