CWRP Information Sheet #109E. (2012). Toronto, ON: Faculty of Social Work, University of Toronto.
The Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (CIS-2008) is the third nation-wide study to examine the incidence of reported child maltreatment and the characteristics of children and families investigated by child welfare authorities in Canada. In addition to the tables presented in the Major Finding report, the Supplementary Tables Information Sheet Series describes key child, household and investigation characteristics by primary category of substantiated maltreatment including confirmed risk2. This Information Sheet examines the presence of mental or emotional harm as a result of maltreatment.