CECW Information Sheet #23E. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto, Faculty of Social Work.
Aboriginal children are disproportionately represented in foster care in Canada. Data from provincial and territorial ministries of child and family services for 2000–2002 suggest that 30% to 40% of children and youth placed in out-of-home care during those years were Aboriginal, yet Aboriginal children made up less than 5% of the total child population in Canada. The number of First Nations children from reserves placed in out-of-home care grew rapidly between 1995 and 2001, increasing by 71.5%. In Manitoba, Aboriginal children made up nearly 80% of children living in out-of-home care in 2000.