First Nations Incidence Study

The first report of the First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008 (FNCIS-2008), is entitled, Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System. The report was publicly released on November 14, 2011. The current cycle of the study, the First Nations/Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FN/CIS-2019) is currently in its planning stages, with data collection planned for the fall of 2019. This study is a project of the Assembly of First Nations and a national First Nations Advisory Committee with funding support from the Public Health Agency of Canada.

The First Nations Component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (FNCIS) is a study of child welfare investigations involving First Nations children which is embedded within a larger, cyclical national study of the reported incidence of child maltreatment: the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS). The FNCIS is a collaborative effort, by CIS research team members and First Nations child welfa re organizations to support participation of First Nations and urban Indigenous agencies in the CIS, analyze CIS data on investigations involving First Nations children, ensure appropriate contextualization of research findings, disseminate research results, and increase the capacity for First Nations child welfare research. The collaboration between research team members and First Nations child welfare organizations are guided by the OCAP principles (Ownership, Control, Access, Possession) for research in Indigenous contexts.

FNCIS-2008 is the largest study of child welfare investigations involving First Nations children ever conducted in Canada. The study is overseen by an FNCIS-2008 advisory committee, and examines data which the CIS-2008 collected from 89 provincial/territorial agencies and 22 First Nations and urban Indigenous agencies. Kiskisik Awasisak examines differences between the child, family, household, maltreatment and service response profiles for the child maltreatment and risk investigations involving First Nations children and non-Indigenous children which were conducted by agencies included in the CIS sample. Based on data for investigations opened between October 1 and December 31, 2008, the study estimates that 14,114 investigations involving First Nations children) and 83,650 investigations involving non-Indigenous children were conducted by sampled agencies in 2008. The report presents disparities in the rates of First Nations and non-Indigenous children investigated, retained for post-investigation services, and moved to out-of-home care during the investigation period. It also identifies caregiver and household risk factors which contribute to First Nations overrepresentation. Because of the purposive sampling of First Nations and urban Indigenous agencies, and differences in methodology, results presented in Kiskisik Awasisak cannot be directly compared other CIS reports or to data from other CIS cycles.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Type of investigation, substantiation and primary category of substantiated maltreatment for First Nations children across Canada

Quinn, Ashley
Nutton, Jennifer
Blumenthal, Anne
Trocmé, Nico

Substantiating Neglect of First Nations and non-Aboriginal Children

Sinha, Vandna
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Trocmé, Nico

The structure of Aboriginal child welfare in Canada

Sinha, Vandna
Kozlowski, Anna

Understanding the investigation-stage overrepresentation of First Nations children in the child welfare system: An analysis of the First Nations component of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2008

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce

First Nations Child Welfare in Alberta

Kozlowski, Anna
Sinha, Vandna
McHugh, Randy

Briefing Document. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

Overview Presentation. Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System

Sinha, Vandna
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
Fast, Elizabeth
Prokop, Shelley Thomas
et al.

La composante Premières Nations de l’Étude Canadienne sur l'incidence des signalements de cas de violence et de négligence envers les enfants : Une approche axée sur le renforcement des capacités dans le cadre d’une recherche nationale appliquée [...]

Sinha, Vandna
Fast, Elizabeth
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
MacLaurin, Bruce
 

Research Agreement: First Nations Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (CIS), 2008

CIS Research Team

The national advisory committee for the FNCIS-2008, first developed in 2006, is in the process of transitioning into a national First Nations Child Welfare Research Committee (FNCWRC).  This working group will bring together First Nations/Aboriginal child welfare practitioners, policy specialists and academics from across Canadian jurisdictions, to coordinate, facilitate sharing of, and to support First Nations child welfare research.  It is currently the only forum that brings Aboriginal child welfare experts from across the country together for this purpose.  The committee seeks to build on the knowledge and capacity build through collaboration on FNCIS-2008 in order to:

  • Oversee the development and implementation of a national “First Nations Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect 2018 (FNIS-2018)”, which builds on the findings and experience of the FNCIS-2008 and honours the principles of Aboriginal Ownership of, Control over, Access to and Possession of research (OCAP principles) to the maximum extent possible. 
  • Facilitate national level sharing of information about policy and research relevant to First Nations child welfare.
  • Support the development of new research on First Nations child welfare.

The following is a list of current committee members:

Nancy MacDonald
School of Social Work
Dalhousie University, Nova Scotia

Judy Levi
 
Richard Gray
 
Stephanie O’Brien
 
Cindy Blackstock
 
Kenn Richard
 
Tara Petti
 
Marlyn Bennett
University of Manitoba
 
H. Monty Montgomery
University of Regina (Saskatoon), Saskatchewan
 
Shelley Thomas Prokop
 
Randy McHugh
 
Rachelle Dallaire & Linda Lucas
 
Nico Trocmè & Vandna Sinha
McGill University, Quebec
 
Barbara Fallon
University of Toronto, Ontario
 
Bruce MacLaurin
University of Calgary, Alberta
 
 
Researcher Organization Province / Territory
Bennett, Marlyn University of Manitoba Manitoba
Blackstock, Cindy First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada Ontario
Fallon, Barbara University of Toronto Ontario
MacLaurin, Bruce University of Calgary Alberta
Montgomery, Monty H. University of Regina Saskatchewan
Sinha, Vandna McGill Unversity Quebec
Trocmé, Nico McGill University Quebec