Indigenous Child Welfare

This section contains material related to Indigenous child welfare. Canada has a decentralized child welfare system that consists of 13 Canadian provincial and territorial child welfare systems. In addition, there exist Métis, First Nations and urban Indigenous child and family service agencies that are to varying degrees affected by federal policies and funding models. Most commonly, Indigenous child welfare agencies have signed agreements with either the federal or both the federal and provincial governments that authorizes them to provide the full range of child protection services and receive federal funding to do so. For more information about First Nations child welfare, see Kiskisik Awasisak: Remember the Children. Understanding the Overrepresentation of First Nations Children in the Child Welfare System.

For information on the First Nations human rights complaint case against the federal government for under-funding child welfare services on-reserve: www.fnwitness.ca

Title Authors Year of Publication
Information Sheet
British Columbia's child welfare system

Kozlowski, Anna
Milne, Lise
Sinha, Vanda

Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #20

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #21

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Critical Injuries and Deaths: Reviews and Investigations Update #22

British Columbia Representative for Children and Youth

Report
Efficacy of neglect interventions for Indigenous children, families and communities

McGinn, Carrie Anna 
Damasse, Jean 

Journal article
Emotional needs of Aboriginal foster parents

Brown, Jason D.
Ivanova, Viktoria
Mehta, Nisha
Skrodzki, Donna
Rodgers, Julie

Report
Feathers of Hope: A First Nations Youth Action Plan

Provincial Advocate for Children and Youth

Journal article
From the House of Commons resolution to Pictou Landing Band Council v. Canada: An update on the implementation of Jordan’s Principle

Sinha, Vandna
Blumenthal, Anne

Journal article
Long-term depression and suicidal ideation outcomes subsequent to emancipation from foster care: Pathways to psychiatric risk in the Métis population

Kaspar, Violet

Journal article
Long-term depression and suicidal ideation outcomes subsequent to emancipation from foster care: Pathways to psychiatric risk in the Métis population.

Kaspar, Violet