Ontario

Children’s Aid Societies in Ontario have the exclusive mandate under the Child and Family Services Act (CFSA) to protect children who have been or are at risk of being abused and/or neglected by their caregivers, to provide for their care and supervision where necessary and to place children for adoption (CFSA, 1990). A total of 46 Children’s Aid Societies are specifically designated by the Minister of Children and Youth Services to investigate child abuse and neglect and take the necessary steps to care for children and youth in need of protection.  Seven are designated Aboriginal societies and 3 serve religious communities. Children’s Aid Societies are independent legal entities (corporations run by Boards of Directors) or Indian Bands (that operate under the Indian Act) and are accountable to the communities they serve. In addition to the CFSA, the Ontario Child Welfare Eligibility Spectrum and Child Protection Standards guide child protection workers at each phase of service delivery. For more information, visit the information sheet on Ontario's child welfare system.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Experiences of child protection workers in collaborating with adult mental health providers: An exploratory study from Ontario, Canada

Mason, Robin
Du Mont, Janice
Paterson, Maeve
Hyman, Ilene

Journal article
An examination of trends in child sexual abuse investigations in Ontario over time

Fallon, Barbara
Joh-Carnella, Nicolette
Trocmé, Nico
Chabot, Martin
Esposito, Tonino
Nosrati-Inanlou, Mahsima
Collin-Vézina, Delphine

Journal article
The overrepresentation of First Nations children and families involved with child welfare: Findings from the Ontario incidence study of reported child abuse and neglect 2013

Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara
Richard, Kenn

Journal article
Substantiated child maltreatment: Which factors do workers focus on when making this critical decision?

Stoddart, Jill K.
Fallon, Barbara
Trocmé, Nico
Fluke, John

Information Sheet
Characteristics of Investigations Involving First Nations Children Compared to White Children in Ontario in 2013

Richard, Kenn
Ma, Jennifer
Fallon, Barbara

Journal article
Child welfare organizations: Do specialization and service integration impact placement decisions?

Smith, Carrie
Fluke, John
Fallon, Barbara
Mishna, Faye
Decker Pierce, Barbara

Report
Interrupted childhoods: Over-representation of Indigenous and Black children in Ontario child welfare
Ontario Human Rights Commission
Information Sheet
A Further Look at Food Insecurity among Ontario’s Child Welfare Involved Population

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Information Sheet
Academic Difficulties among Ontario’s Child Welfare Involved Population

Fallon, Barbara
Van Wert, Melissa

Information Sheet
An Exploration of Investigations with Primary Caregivers with Mental Health Concerns in Ontario in 2013

Houston, Emmaline
Black, Tara
Lefebvre, Rachael
Fallon, Barbara