Alberta

In Alberta, the Ministry of Human Services oversees the delivery of child intervention services provided by 8 regional Child and Family Service Authorities (CFSAs), one of which is a Métis Authority, under the Child, Youth and Family Enhancement Act (CYFEA). Seventeen Delegated First Nations Authorities (DFNAs) also provide services under CYFEA through agreements between the First Nations, the Government of Canada and the Government of Alberta. The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2000), regulated in 2004, was the result of a series of policy initiatives designed to increase services to families before they reach crisis, establish permanent homes more quickly for children in government care and strengthen the involvement of First Nation, Métis and other Aboriginal communities in planning for their children. A key feature of the reform was the implementation of the Alberta Response Model (ARM), a differential response system with two legislated streams of activity: family enhancement services and protection services. For more information, please see the information sheet on Alberta's child welfare system.

Statistics

Alberta - Statistics

Child Maltreatment Investigations in Alberta, 2003* and 2008**

  2003 2008
Child population 752,005 775,175
Number of child maltreatment investigations 32,453 27,147
Incidence of child maltreatment investigations per 1000 children 43.16 35.02

Type of Child Maltreatment Investigation in Alberta, 2008**

  Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Maltreatment Investigation 22,761 35.02 84%
Risk Investigation 4,386 5.66 16%

Categories of Substantiated Child Maltreatment Investigations in Alberta, 2008**

Category of Maltreatment Number Rate per 1,000 children Percent
Physical Abuse 1,933 2.49 13%
Sexual Abuse 285 0.37 2%
Neglect 5,328 6.87 37%
Emotional Maltreatment 1,974 2.55 14%
Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence 4,883 6.30 34%

Placement in Child Maltreatment Investigations in Alberta, 2003 and 2008**

  2003 Number 2003 Rate 2008 Number 2008 Rate
No Placement 28,294 37.62 23,625 30.48
Informal Kinship Care 1,923 2.56 1,139 1.47
Formal Placement 2,230 2.97 2,383 3.08

Children and youth in out-of-home care in 2019^

Children in care   Child (0-17) population Rate per 1000***
7,757   970,452 7.99

* MacLaurin, B., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., McCormack, M., Pitman, L., Forest, N., Banks, J., Shangreaux, C., & Perrault, E. (2005) Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect (AIS-2003): Major Findings. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/884

** MacLaurin, B., Trocmé, N., Fallon, B., Sinha, V., Feehan, R., Enns, R., Gail, J., Kitt, O., Thomas‑Prokop, S., Zelt, C., Daoust, G., Hutcheon, E., & Budgell, D. (2013). Alberta Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect-2008 (AIS-2008): Major Findings. Calgary, AB: University of Calgary. Retrieved from http://cwrp.ca/publications/2758

^Government of Alberta. (n.d.). Child Intervention Information and Statistics Summary 2018/19 Fourth Quarter (March) Update. https://open.alberta.ca/dataset/de167286-500d-4cf8-bf01-0d08224eeadc/resource/b8142559-cb87- 49b7-bd30-d0a3d2f113bc/download/child-intervention-quarterly-stats-2018-19-q4.pdf

***The rate per 1000 is calculated using the population of children covered under the age of protection in Alberta (under 18 years old).

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Reports
Title Authors Year
19-Year-Old Dakota: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

CYDL Data Byte: An insight into child intervention clients’ mental health

Ruiting, Jia
Xinjie, Cui

15-Year-Old Levi: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

18-Year-Old Peter: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

A profile of adult corrections involvement

Werk, Christine
Twilley, Leslie
Cui, Xinjie

A profile of child support services dependents in Alberta

Ruiting Jia, Leslie Twilley, and Xinjie Cui

A profile of children and youth whose families received family support for children with disabilities services

Ruiting Jia, Ozlem Cankaya, Leslie Twilley, and Xinjie Cui

A profile of children in Alberta receiving child care subsidy

Hesam Izakian, Leslie Twilley, and Xinjie Cui

A profile of income support learners clients

Navjot Lamba and Xinjie Cui

A profile of young Albertans

Christine Werk, Leslie Twilley, and Xinjie Cui

A profile of young Albertans with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Ruiting Jia and Xinjie Cui

A profile of young Albertans with Cerebral Palsy

Daniel O’Brien, Christine Werk, Carley Piatt, Hitesh Bhatt, and Xinjie Cui

A profile of youth corrections involvement

Christine Werk, Leslie Twilley, and Xinjie Cui

Beyond Trauma: Disrupting Cycles, Effecting Change: 13-Year-Old Tina, 16-Year-Old Shirley, 19-Year-Old Jazmine: An Investigative Review

Office of the Child and Youth Advocate Alberta

CYDL Data Byte: An insight on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder and educational achievement

Carley Piatt and Xinjie Cui

Researchers
Researcher Organization Province / Territory
Badry, Dorothy University of Calgary Alberta
Bastien, Betty University of Calgary Alberta
Bhatt, Hitesh PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Blackadar, Robyn PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Cankaya, Ozlem PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Choate, Peter W. Mount Royal University Alberta
Cui, Xinjie PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Izakian, Hesam PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Jia, Ruiting PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Kreitzer, Linda University of Calgary Alberta
Lafrance, Jean University of Calgary Alberta
Lalumière, Martin Unviersity of Ottawa Alberta
Lamba, Navjot (Jo) PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
MacLaurin, Bruce University of Calgary Alberta
Nixon, Kendra University of Manitoba Alberta
Piatt, Carley PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Scott, Allison PolicyWise for Children & Families Alberta
Strohschein, Lisa University of Alberta Alberta
Tutty, Leslie M. University of Calgary Alberta
Urichuk, Liana University of Alberta Alberta