child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Physical and mental health of sexually abused boys: A 5 year matched-control and cohort study
Daigneault, Isabelle
Bourgeois, Catherine
Vézina-Gagnon, Pascale
Alie-Poirier, Alexane
Dargan, Sonia
Hébert, Martine
Frappier, Jean-Yves
Journal article
Police charging decisions in child maltreatment investigations: Findings from the 2008 Ontario Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect

Baiden, Philip
Fallon, Barbara
den Dunnen, Wendy
Black, Tara

Journal article
Prevalence and risk factors of child neglect in the general population
Clément, Marie-Ève
Bérubé, Annie
Chamberland, Claire
Journal article
Reporting suspected child maltreatment: Managing the emotional and relational aftermath

Tufford, Lea

Journal article
Sexualized behaviors in cohorts of children in the child welfare system

Grossi, Laura M.
Lee, Austin F.
Schuler, Ann
Ryan, Julie L.
Prentky, Robert A.

Journal article
Sleep problems and dissociation in preschool victims of sexual abuse
Hébert, Martine
Langevin, Rachel
Guidi, Elisa
Allard-Dansereau, Claire
So Much Left To Do: Status Report on the 62 Recommendations from the Phoenix Sinclair Inquiry
Office of the Child Advocate
Journal article
Stress generation in adolescence: Contributions from Five-Factor Model (FFM) personality traits and childhood maltreatment
Kushner, Shauna C
Bagby, R. Michael
Harkness, Kate L.
Journal article
The association between peer victimization, PTSD, and dissociation in child victims of sexual abuse
Hébert, Martine
Langevin, Rachel
Daigneault, Isabelle
Journal article
The disclosure experiences of male child sexual abuse survivors
Gagnier, Charlotte
Collin-Vézina, Delphine