child abuse & neglect

Child abuse and neglect include acts of commission or omission by a parent or other caregiver that result in harm, potential for harm, or threat of harm to a child.  The five primary forms of maltreatment are physical abuse, sexual abuse, physical neglect, emotional maltreatment and exposure to domestic violence.

For a document that outlines definitions of frequently used terms in child abuse and neglect research, see the page with the glossary of social work and child maltreatment related terms.

You can get more information on the signs of child maltreatment from the Family Violence Initiative, operated by the Department of Justice of Canada. You can also contact Kid’s Help Phone at 1-800-668-6868 for further information.

If you suspect a child is being abused or neglected, or are looking for information about services for children or families experiencing difficulties you can contact your local child welfare authority. Click here to find the local child authority agency in your province or territory. Please visit our FAQs section to learn more about child abuse and neglect.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Journal article
Expression of re-experiencing symptoms in the therapeutic context: a mixed-method analysis of young children exposed to intimate partner violence

Miller-Graff, Laura E.
Galano, Maria
Graham-Bermann, Sandra A.

Journal article
Factors predicting central details in alleged child sexual abuse victims’ disclosure
Alonzo-Proulx, Agnès
Cyr, Mireille
Journal article
From maltreatment to delinquency: Service trajectories after a first intervention of child protection services
Laurier, Catherine
Hélie, Sonia
Pineau-Villeneuve, Catherine
Royer, Marie-Noële
Journal article
Gender differences in emotion-mediated pathways from childhood sexual abuse to problem drinking in adolescents in the child welfare system
Hudson, Amanda
Wekerle, Christine
Goldstein, Abby L. 
Ellenbogen, Stephen
Waechter, Randall
Thompson, Kara
Stewart, Sherry H. 
Report
Indigenous Resilience, Connectedness and Reunification - From Root Causes to Root Solutions: A Report on Indigenous Child Welfare in British Columbia

Grand Chief Ed John

Journal article
Individual- and relationship-level factors related to better mental health outcomes following child abuse: Results from a nationally representative Canadian sample
Afifi, Tracie O.
MacMilan, Harriet L. 
Taillieu, Tamara
Turner, Sarah
Cheung, Kristine
Sareen, Jitender 
Boyle, Michael H. 
Information Sheet
Injuries and Death of Children at the Hands of Their Parents

Wegner-Lohin, Jaime
Trocmé, Nico 

Journal article
Language problems among abused and neglected children: A meta-analytic review

Sylvestre, Audette
Bussières, Ève-Line
Bouchard, Caroline

Journal article
Mindfulness as mediator and moderator of post-traumatic symptomatology in adolescence following childhood sexual abuse or assault
Daigneault, Isabelle
Dion, Jacinthe
Hébert, Martine
Bourgeois, Catherine
Journal article
Neighborhood-level social processes and substantiated cases of child maltreatment

Molnar, Beth E.
Goerge, Robert M.
Gilsanz, Paola
Hill, Andrea
Subramanian, S. V.
Holton, John K.
Duncan, Dustin T.
Beatriz, Elizabeth D.
Beardslee, William R.