policy & legislation

This section contains information on Canadian child welfare legislation and policy. In Canada, child welfare services are provincially and territorially funded and legislated, with the exception of federally funded services to First Nations peoples living on reserves. In accordance with individual agreements negotiated between First Nations communities, provincial/territorial governments, and the federal government, an increasing number of First Nations are delivering child and family services in accordance with provincial and territorial child welfare laws.

Title Authors Year of Publication
Child and Youth Advocate Act
Legislative Review of the Child, Youth and Family Services Act, S.N.L. 1998, c. C-12.1, as amended - Consultations discussion guide
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Department of Child, Youth and Family Services
Mémoire de l'ACJQ: Présenté à la commission parlementaire sur l'avant-projet de loi modifiant le code civil et d'autres dispositions législatives en matière d'adoption et d'autorité parentale

Association des centres jeunesse du Québec

Journal article
Protection of Children from Physical Maltreatment in Canada: Evaluation of the Supreme Court’s Definition of Reasonable Force

Durrant, Joan E.
Trocmé, Nico
Fallon, Barbara
Milne, Cheryl
Black, Tara

Recognition and Reconciliation Protocol on First Nations Children, Youth and Families

Province of British Columbia, the First Nations Summit, Union of BC Indian Chiefs, the BC Assembly of First Nations

Child and Family Services Act
Management of Aboriginal Child Protection Services

Doyle, John

Information Sheet
Prince Edward Island’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela

Journal article
In Whose Best Interest? A Canadian Case Study of the Impact of Child Welfare Policies in Cases of Domestic Violence

Alaggia, Ramona
Jenney, Angelique
Mazzuca, Josephine
Redmond, Melissa

Information Sheet
New Brunswick’s child welfare system

Gough, Pamela