In Manitoba, the Child and Family Services (CFS) Division of the Department of Family Services oversees family supports and protection services to children delivered under the mandate of The Child and Family Services Act (1985)The Child and Family Services Authorities Act (2003) created four authorities (First Nations Authority of Northern Manitoba, First Nations Authority of Southern Manitoba, Metis Authority and General Authority) that oversee services, disperse funds and ensure that culturally appropriate services are delivered by their respective agencies consistent with relevant legislation. The Authorities have mandated 23 legally distinct agencies, of which 17 are First Nations child welfare agencies; three are non-Aboriginal, private child welfare agencies; two are Metis child welfare agencies; and one is the Department of Family Services (of which there are multiple offices in five areas of the province). Fourteen child welfare agencies have also been named as Designated Intake Agencies (DIAs) which function as central intake services in various geographic regions of the province. DIAs conduct initial intakes/brief investigations and then transfer cases that will remain open to receive ongoing services to an agency of the authority of the family’s choosing. A unique feature of CFS in Manitoba is that families may decide from which authority they wish to receive services regardless of the region in which they reside. For more information, please see the information sheet on Manitoba's child welfare system.


Manitoba - Statistics

Manitoba: Children and youth in out-of-home care in 2019^

Children in care Child (0-17) population Rate per 1000*
10,258 308,969 33.20

^Department of Manitoba Families (2019). Annual Report 2018-2019.

*The rate per 1000 is calculated using the population of children covered under the age of protection in Manitoba (under 18 years old).

§ Child welfare services fall under the jurisdiction of provincial and territorial authorities, making it difficult to compile statistics at the national level. The most notable variations between provinces include mandate variation by jurisdiction with respect to the age to which children are eligible for services, differences in the length of time a child can receive out-of-home care and the definition of out-of-home care.

Title Authors Year
A Place Where it Feels Like Home: The Story of Tina Fontaine

Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth

Documenting the Decline: The Dangerous Space Between Intentions and Meaninful Interventions

Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth

In Need of Protection: Angel’s Story

Manitoba Advocate for Children and Youth

Transforming Child Welfare in Manitoba: Reform. Renew. Results.

Government of Manitoba

Review of Child Welfare Legislation in Manitoba: Discussion Guide

Government of Manitoba

Children Need Families, Not Courtrooms: Alternatives to Adversarial Litigation in Child Welfare

David Milward, Office of the Children's Advocate

Don't Call Me Resilient: What Loss & Grief Look Like for Children and Youth in Care

Office of the Children's Advocate

Provincial/Territorial Protocol On Children, Youth and Families Moving Between Provinces and Territories

Government of British Columbia
Government of Alberta
Government of Manitoba
Government of Saskatchewan
Government of New Brunswick
Government of Newfoundland and Labrador
Government of Nova Scotia
Government of Prince Edward Island
Government of Northwest Territories
Government of Nunavut
Government of Yukon
Government of Ontario

So Much Left To Do: Status Report on the 62 Recommendations from the Phoenix Sinclair Inquiry

Office of the Child Advocate

The Changing Face of Youth Suicide in Manitoba and the Narrow Window for Intervention: Phase Two Report

Office of the Children's Advocate

Manitoba's Changing Face of Suicide and the Narrow Window for Intervention: Phase One Report

Office of the Children's Advocate

Options for Action. An Implementation Report for The Legacy of Phoenix Sinclair: Achieving the Best for All Our Children

AMR Planning & Consulting

The Educational Outcomes of Children in Care in Manitoba

Brownell, Marni
Chartier, Mariette
Au, Wendy
Schultz, Jennifer
Guenette, Wendy
Valdivia, Jeff

Follow-up Report on the Process for the Review of Child Welfare and Collateral Services After the Death of a Child

Manitoba Ombudsman

Métis Children and Families and the Child Welfare System: An Urban Winnipeg Perspective

Manitoba Metis Federation and Metis Child and Family Services Authority